Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Transition from Windows to Linux

In this article I'm going to share some of the advice that you should consider before making the switch from Windows to Linux. Let's call this list of tips and mistakes "little bible for beginners in Linux." I can not guarantee but I can say that will make the transition to Linux easier. I think that if new users would know to omit some mistakes everything would be much simpler. A list of these mistakes would be:

1. To believe that Linux is like Windows

It is one of the worst mistakes that absolutely all new Linux users do. Most users do not even know how to correctly define the word "operating system" not to say that many did not even know what the differences are between Windows XP or Windows 7, which is a kernel, which is a system file hierarchy operation and so forth. Linux is not Windows, Linux is a kernel basis for other operating systems such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint and other distributions. These two systems are completely different similarities are only in their GUI and all.

2.So try to make the files. Exe to run in Linux.
I must admit that this was the mistake that I did it myself. Linux does not require files. Exe to install or run programs. Actually this is also the strength of Linux and one of the main reasons why Ubuntu and other Linux distributions are so safe, they do not run files. Exe (at least not native). Exe file is one of the most manipulable files from this world meaning that those who do evil can easily be "poison" the system by simple manipulation and modification of a file. exe. Luckily not on Ubuntu Linux! But if you really want to run. Exe in Linux you can do with Wine's help but not necessary. Ubuntu Linux are software enough to meet your needs.

3. To choose a wrong distribution.
Many make the mistake of choosing a wrong cast when they move to Linux. Imagine choosing a beginner Gentoo, Fedora or Slackware. I'm not saying they are good distributions, on the contrary, are very good but not to the novice. No popular distributions this means that you will not find helpful articles or discussions about them on the net where I'll hit a problem. For most beginners are recommended Linux Mint distribution, PinguyOS Ubuntu, Debian based distributions generally are easier. Linux wins here, gives each individual the freedom to choose your favorite distribution. Daily distributions arise in November based on needs and environments. fields. For example, there is a distribution called Ubuntu Studio, a distribution that comes with a lot of software dedicated to those who deal with audio editing, video or photo. Another Edubuntu distribution would be ideal for teachers, teachers, etc.. And the list goes on depending on the activity they have.

4. Do not find software for Linux
When I first installed Linux, the first direction was to go to the download site and download the software as I did in Windows. No need to go to sites to download software, that's for starters. On Linux, software come to you. Each distribution has included a package manager. The Ubuntu Linux software installs in a different way than Windows and you really need to repeat the warning here: LINUX IS NOT WINDOWS!

5. Made and saved to send documents in Open Office the default format using Microsoft Office.
Again it is a mistake. When you edit a document or create a new document in Open Office, when you save the document, it will be saved in Open Office format or default. will have to choose "Save as ..." to be able to change the extension / format of the document in Microsoft Office compatible. All individuals seen on the forums (even ubuntu.ro forum, calling itself the official representative of Ubuntu Romania) which instead of being clear with their users by wedging her neck iluzioneaza new users that Open Office is like Microsoft Office, it's free, they will not longer need Microsoft Office. TOTAL WRONG OpenOffice can replace Microsoft Office. Open Office is just an alternative to other word processors on the market. You longer need Microsoft Office, especially if you are a student. Even if I save documents in Open Office in a format supported by Microsoft Office files made open with Open Office and Microsoft Office will not show as often a note that will display all wrong, will have to rearrange it.

6. To avoid the command line, terminal
As I said in the 3 tutorials made by me on "introduction to Terminal many mistakes trying to avoid using the terminal. If you watch the show dedicated terminal, you will be convinced that it is not as difficult and probably impossible to imagine. Terminal help us very much and saves us precious time. It is not difficult if you have patience to read a bit about it, what we do with it. After all nobody is born to learn and let us consider how many of those who use Windows know or know how to really use it? Even using Windows and had to learn at some point, right? I see guys who argue the meaning of "aaa terminal is hard, we need to learn, to know the commands" Right, but you know the windows when you put your hand on the computer? lest you learned while hitting up every day, for one another? Everything you learn, just be patient and you will enjoy reading.

7. He will give up the fight too quickly
After several hours and sometimes after a few days, many people give up too easily and that for failing to read the documentation before you use the system. Have the false impression that it's just an operating system and that everything they know and apply in Windows to Linux. If something comes out, if you encounter problems, only guilty of these things is just not what it strikes at what is in front of your PC. On ubuntu.ro there is a whole documentation on the Ubuntu operating system written in Romanian. All distributions have materials on hand or guide either their website or on wikipedia is a downloadable pdf manual. Be rational and logical thinking. You do not like to fly an airplane without training school how do you not like to use an operating system to its foundations and not even read the main chapters devoted to new users. No more running from information, not flee to read! And when you encounter difficulties using the windows and go to google and search for troubleshooting, read the forums. Just proceed and if you use Ubuntu Linux or any other distribution. Most distributions have dedicated forum for support but will not be helped if you abuse their kindness and do not read the operating system documentation.

8. To believe that hierarchy and file folders in Windows is the same on Linux.
There are no syntax "C: \" in Ubuntu Linux or any other distribution. There are no C or D or E partition, there Programs Files, Registry Editor does not exist, and you know absolutely nothing from Windows. Ubuntu and other Linux distributions in general have a different hierarchy cutotul files. To better understand this issue will be made in the near future be a Videotutorial an article about it.

9. It updates the system delay.
As most Windows users use pirated version of the operating system, they have already reflex as the first thing you do after they install Windows, go to disable Automatic Updates. This is not true if you use Linux, regardless of the distribution. Distributions are Ubuntu Linux and other open source operating systems do not need a license key on installation. All software used by the operating system are free and open source all along. Updating the system are vital, even when using this operating system. The update system takes some fixes for possible security holes, they imbunataseste some modules, using its software updates, fix some problems, bringing new features and makes it more stable. There is no reason to run the update.

10. It will root.
Ubuntu and other distributions on root user is the ultimate user has all privileges to do anything you want into the OS. All distributions when installing Linux root user and create a 2nd user that will be yours to use it daily. Call to root and use it only in extreme cases and only when you can not otherwise make things work only with root privileges. Another reason that Linux is so safe is to create a limited user installation meaning that you can not do worse with limited rights on the system. To use root rights to fulfill certain tasks that can not be made by ordinary user, use su or sudo command but will not ever login as root.

11. He will miss the other windows in virtual desktops.
A big plus Ubuntu is able to work on multiple virtual desktops. But many do not understand the true role of the "bonus" and often lose windows on other Desktops believing that application, actually open on another desktop, but our presence in the current one, did not crash or good. Always be careful where you click and watch the indicator always located next to the trash in the bottom panel, the right to know where you are and what work Desktop. By default Ubuntu will set four Linux Desktops (workspaces) Virtual having the opportunity to be managed and organized in a way that will easily work on PC

12. Ignore security just because you use Linux.
Even if it's Linux, there are risks in any operating system, just as there are few or very few, but that does not mean to fall into the other extreme called ignorance. Read carefully and ask the opinion of a connoisseur to execute commands before you read on some sites in different text and video tutorials. Always read the comments at the article / tutorial to learn their views of other visitors, so you can tell if the author is correct or guidelines are meant to do harm. Safety is crucial whether you're using Linux, Mac OS X or Windows
These are the most common mistakes new users who want to use Linux. Many fall prey to these mistakes, but I putetii avoid them if you read this article till the end. Help others to avoid telling them about this article and guiding them to read it. Be calm, read, documents you and most importantly, be patient! We expect the comments section of this article with your opinions and things that you want to write on this site dedicated to Linux.

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